P-51 Mustang vs Spitfire. Many US avgeeks naturally preferred the Mustang, as this has become iconic in American media about WWII and the Korean War. Three Spitfires and two P-51Ds. But if you wanted a down-and-dirty street fighter that could sunshine the me109s and fw190s then it had to be the spit. > > The P-51 had a smaller tail plane and elevators than the Spitfire VIII, > the same rudder area as the broad chord rudder but about twice the > vertical fin area. The FW-190 D was the first production FW-190 to use a liquid-cooled engine and was a very good high-altitude interceptor equal to the North American P-51 Mustang or Supermarine Spitfire … Showing 1-73 of 73 messages. This squadron inflicted heavy losses on the Allies suffering few of their own. Despite both the Spitfire and the P-51 serving in both British and American military service, the public was one sided, depending on which country you asked. P-51, also called Mustang, a single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft originally designed and produced by North American Aviation for the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and later adopted by the U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF). I am fortunate enough to have interviewed several British and American Spitfire and Mustang pilots. As a result, the Spitfire’s performance and capabilities improved over the course of its service life. > The distance between the (mid) wings and tailplane of the P-51 is about > 50% of the overall length, the Spitfire and Bf109 are closer to 60%. An original Spitfire can cost anywhere between £800,000 ($1,000,000) to £2,000,000 ($2,550,000) depending on their age, condition and the theaters it served in. As such, we will compare the specifications of the two most common variants of the Mustang and Spitfire. In the 1930’s, with the advancement in wing designs, the need for a biplane configuration was seemingly not the peak of aircraft design. The most common variant of the P-51 Mustang is the P-51D, previously in service with the RAAF, SAAF and USAF. Marrying an American dive-bomber design and a British engine, the North American P-51 Mustang became one of the greatest fighters of World War II. We can take a look at speed figures achieved on boost up to +6.25 psi (= 87 oct minimum), SPitfire I was good for 360+ mph by the time ww2 started. Mitchell continued to refine the design until his death in 1937, whereupon his colleague Joseph Smith took over as chief designer, overseeing the Spitfire’s development through its multitude of variants. However, several air forces do keep a small fleet of Mustangs or Spitfires to this day. After the war, the USAAF consolidated itself greatly. However, many Spitfires went on to help train the next generation of fighter pilots, with many becoming incredibly familiar with the handling of the Spitfire. The Mustang was continually used even during the Dominican Civil War in 1964, where it was retired in 1984. Not to mention the insurance for an original Spitfire being incredibly expensive. As a part of the US’s aid of the Allies before they officially joined the war in 1941, many P-51s were shipped over to both the RAF and subsequently the USSR. I have also never flown in either one of them. Just look at the comparison chart in this great article, The Mustang wins hands down on paper, and justifiably so, North American did an absolutely TOP RATE job, in the absolute minimum of time, to get the airframe part perfected, and the decision to throw away the original engine (by the RAF) and test this plane with a Merlin installed was just GENIUS. I get you're a fanboy for the P-51 but the spitfire can do many things the P-51 can't do, just as the P-51 can do just as many things as the spitfire can't. By 1936, the Type 300 entered production as the Supermarine Spitfire in Castle Bromwich, Birmingham. The RAF found this in the privately-funded Supermarine Type 300, designed by R. J. Mitchell. The last version was even long range. Thanks! Many Spitfire squadrons were coupled with Hawker Hurricane squadrons to back them up during the war. "So wich one would you bet your money on in a clash between the two" if you are british the spit ,hurricane, avro lank are part of our folklore ,these are the a/c that saved us from the evil nazi swarm that tryed in vain to destroy our During WWII, the RAF had a series of bases in Burma (otherwise known as Myanmar). Ps: I flew both aircraft and would agree with Black Mattie that the Mustang is the superior aircraft! Up high, I take the Mustang in a dog fight. Comparing the North American P-51D Mustang against the Supermarine Spitfire Mk.XVIIIe flying at the same airshow. A replica can cost anywhere between £30,000 ($38,000) and £50,000 ($64,000). Throughout and after the war, several variants of both the P-51 Mustang and the Spitfire were developed. Mitchell pushed the Spitfire’s distinctive elliptical wing with cutting-edge sunken rivets (designed by Beverley Shenstone) to have the thinnest possible cross-section, helping give the aircraft a higher top speed than several contemporary fighters, including the Hawker Hurricane. Engine Performance – Spitfire. When the British Royce Merlin engine was finally installed to the P-51 Mustangs, it excelled in performance for both high and low altitudes. It wasn’t pretty but it was a good all around fighter bomber. Spitfire was a far more streamlined machine than Bf 109E, let alone than Hurricane, and Merlin III have had a better altitude performance than DB 601A; a good turn of speed can be expected. Before I even read the article I had it summed up as P-51 Mustang vs Fw 190, Europe 1943-1945 by Martin Bowman, Osprey Publishing, Oxford, England, 2007, $17.95. Featured image courtesy of Andrew-M-Whitman via Flickr. The P-51 has incredibly high maintenance costs. Several veterans, a few British and a few Americans that were interviewed, all seemed to prefer the Spitfire, I think due to its slightly superior manoeuvrability. Naturally, buying an original is far more expensive than a replica. Both the Mustang and the Spitfire are icons in their own right. P-51 Mustang vs Spitfire: Specs. That’s so smart! The Mustang was also much quicker than the Spitfire, with a much longer combat range. Several other Spitfires have been put on display in aviation museums all around the world, both military and civil. I think the Mustang can outsprint the Spit but she is more agile. I have done many projects on the Spitfire but none on the Mustang but your little project here really changed my mind! Down low, I take the tighter turning Spitfire. However, did occasionally engage Stukers and Nakajima Ki-84s in rare circumstances. Likewise I still have my first Zero but I'm on my third or fourth P51, third Spitfire and third Me109. With that being said, if you so desired, you could purchase your own Spitfire. The most common variant of the Spitfire is the Spitfire Mk VB, previously in service with the RAAF, SAAF and RAF. Many of these factories were subsequently shut down. 100 oct fuel helped zilch above ~16500 ft. link In 1939, Supermarine had the list price of the Spitfire as £12,604. 6 × 0.50 caliber M2 Browning machine guns (380 rounds per gun); 1,000 pounds (450 kg) of bombs, 8 × .303 in Browning Mk II machine guns (350 rounds per gun). By the late 1940’s, it looked as though the Mustang was obsolete. So the right combination would be either the P-51D, Vs the Spitfire LF Mk.IX, or P-51H, Vs the Mk.24. Tell me in the comments! P51D/K – 437mph at 25,000ft with a 1,650hp Merlin. the spitfire in my mind is a beautiful a/c and so is the p 51 mustang. Your email address will not be published. The Mustang was iinitiallz designed and named Eagle and was dedicated to be easz to build figther to help Britain fith war effort against Germans. All rights reserved. As a part of this, North American sent the USAAC two NA-73Xs to test them. When I asked several avgeeks which aircraft they preferred, I naturally received a mixture of responses as usual. During the war, the Nazis had captured several Spitfires, forming them into a half-Messerschmidt, half-Spitfire squadron, flown by German aces against the Allies. The P51 is not as bad as many make out provided you keep it light-ish (sub 14 ounces all up) Incidentally I wholeheartedly endorse your point about using a … Personally, I have never flown either a Mustang or a Spitfire. Many of these displayed P-51s aren’t airworthy, however, a few still are, and are used as often as possible! Over 20,000 Spitfires were produced between 1938 and 1948. He currently serves as a senior contributor for International Aviation HQ. You needed more sky for a p515th than you did for a spitfire. Not to mention the insurance premiums! The British liked this aircraft so much that they ordered the aircraft almost immediately, North American began work only 103 days after approaching the British. Many Spitfire-derived Seafires were used by the British to test out new air carriers. Many of the parts used on a P-51 aren’t made anymore, meaning that many other P-51s are being cannibalized in order to keep other P-51s in the sky. British Spitfire or P51 Mustang? Aerotoons®, is a participant in the Amazon Affiliates Program. Rob Arndt: 12/2/08 9:43 AM: I have heard that when the Mustang pilots applied power for t/o that it took full right rudder to overcome a tendency for a bad tail-swing. The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang is an American long-range, single-seat fighter and fighter-bomber used during World War II and the Korean War, among other conflicts.The Mustang was designed in April 1940 by a design team headed by James Kindelberger of North American Aviation (NAA) in response to a requirement of the British Purchasing Commission. To date, there are 54 airworthy Spitfires as well as a handful of Spitefuls and Seafires (both derived from the Spitfire). Its elliptical wings made Spitfire beautiful and turn more tightly. A replica on the other hand can set you back roughly $65,000 (£51,000). But look at it this way, the Mustang was designed in 1942? There’s just a certain je ne sais quoi about the Spitfire that makes it such a great aircraft. The Spitfire was designed as a short-range, high-performance interceptor aircraft by R. J. Mitchell, chief designer at Supermarine Aviation Works, which operated as a subsidiary of Vickers-Armstrong from 1928. Much loved by its pilots, the Spitfire served in several roles, including interceptor, photo-reconnaissance, fighter-bomber, and trainer, and it continued to serve in these roles until the 1950s. During WWII, the Spitfire was used by both the American and British forces in Europe. > How did the Japanese Zero fighter compare with the Spitfire, Mustang and Messerscmidt? P51 Mustang vs Spitfire A couple of weekend's ago, I managed to attend the Warbirds Open Day at Ardmore Airport, and the weather turned out great. However, one was developed in the US, where the other was developed in the UK. By the late 1950’s, the RAF had phased out their Spitfire fighter squadrons, save for the BBMF and trainer squadrons. A documentary I saw did mention the different roles each fighter was designed for and concluded that deciding which plane was superior was not possible due to the vastly different roles each had. Your email address will not be published. If you wanted a bomber escort then it had to be the p51. Armament – A snitch to the Spitfire due to cannon, but the standard 50cal vs 303 is a no brainer Throughout and after the war, several variants of both the P-51 Mustang and the Spitfire were developed. Spitfire vs Mustang These are the figures I’ve got for the Mustang and Spitfire – there are variations depending on what you read so I’ve got an average. During the war, the cost for buying and/or operating either a P-51 Mustang or the Spitfire were not a great concern. By January 1957, the US military had completely retired their fleet of P-51s. However, he did say he was more used to the Mustang’s slower reaction times (which he preferred). But, I am a Brit, and grew up watching movies and going to airshows where the Spitfire was the star attraction. For almost every American I asked, their preferred aircraft was the P-51, stating that it was truly an American icon, the same way that aircraft like the 747 and 787 are today! © International Aviation HQ. P-51 Mustang vs. Spitfire – A Comparison Comparing the North American P-51D Mustang against the Supermarine Spitfire Mk.XVIIIe flying at the same airshow. The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang is an American long-range, single-seat fighter and fighter-bomber used during World War II and the Korean War, among other conflicts. The aircraft was first flown operationally by the Royal Air Force (RAF) as a tactical-reconnaissance aircraft and fighter-bomber (Mustang Mk I). Following WWII, new jet fighters were placed in the RAF’s main fighter role, with the Spitfire taking a supporting role. Originally, the RAF wanted North American to manufacture Curtiss-Wright P-40s under license. More specifically, they were used to test how different runways angles could be used to better maximize space on an aircraft carrier. Engine temperature control was critical and the cooling of oil and water went through that scoop under the fuselage. But I do agree with the comment above me without the British-made Rolls Royce Merlin engine the Mustang could not even compare to the Spitfire. After the Korean War, Mustangs became popular civilian warbirds and air racing aircraft. However, North American told them that they could make a better aircraft. As usual, we asked several different groups about their opinions on the matter of “Mustang vs Spitfire?”. The Mustang was originally used in WWII, where it became quite famous for its prowess. P-51s were not only used in WWII, however, it is the conflict that made them famous. Many of these Spitfires were flown by retired Spitfire pilots at airshows all around the world. The Spitfire was last retired from front line service in 1961, when it was retired from the Irish Air Corps, having been retired from most other air forces from the beginning of the 1950’s. Many of them similarly said that the Spitfire was iconic. Why Nothing Could Stop the P-51 Mustang. The P-47 Thunderbolt and the P-51 Mustang fought side-by-side with the Allies in World War II. Plextek Partners with Griff Aviation on Heavy Lift Autonomous Drones. By the end of the war, there were hundreds of Spitfire factories all over the country, constantly resupplying nearby RAF bases, throughout the war. The Mustang served long after WWII, as the primary fighter in several air forces’ fleet. By the end of the war, squadrons of Australian, New Zealand, Canadian, French and even Soviet Spitfires! Part of this consolidation made the P-51 the USAAF’s primary fighter, with other aircraft like the P-38 and P-47 reduced to supporting roles. Required fields are marked *. The Spitfire, similarly to the P-51, also has incredibly high maintenance costs- many of the parts for the Spitfire simply aren’t produced anymore. However, Spitfire units had a lower attrition rate and a higher victory-to-loss ratio than those flying Hurricanes because of the Spitfire’s higher performance. As such, we will compare the specifications of the two most common variants of the Mustang and Spitfire. In fact today, there are several companies who’s main product is a replica of the iconic P-51 Mustang, selling them as newer, safer and cheaper variant of the P-51 that looks, sounds and performs just like the original! After the Battle of Britain, the Spitfire superseded the Hurricane to become the backbone of RAF Fighter Command, and saw action in the European, Mediterranean, Pacific, and South-East Asian theatres. Spitfire VS. Mustang. Schmued wanted to know why the Spitfires were so much lighter than the P-51. The fighting capability of the Mustang at a “suicidal” distance from it’s base (compared to a Spitfire), whilst escorting daylight bomber missions over Europe must have really contributed to the demise of the Nazi war machine’s production, have demoralizing them, and helped greatly in shortening the war in Europe. It was also the only British fighter produced continuously throughout the war. During World War II, Mustang pilots claimed to have destroyed 4,950 enemy aircraft. They even divided the job of kicking Axis ass between them by the end of the war. Many variants of the Spitfire were built, using several wing configurations, and it was produced in greater numbers than any other British aircraft. Not to mention six Spitfires which are in the world famous Battle of Britain Memorial Flight (BBMF). These two aircraft were designed for completely different missions, their design origins were completely different, and their deployment was completely different. It’s only failing was its lack of range. Its unit cost was US$50,985 in 1945. During WWII, both the North American P-51 Mustang and the Supermarine Spitfire dominated the skies over Europe. The prototype NA-73X airframe was rolled out on 9 September 1940, 102 days after the contract was signed, and first flew on 26 October. Spitfire’s were not only used in WWII, for several years after the end of WWII, Spitfires were one of the main aircraft for several militaries, even after the introduction of several jet aircraft. This can be done in one of two ways- a replica or an original. Spitfire vs Bf 109, Battle of Britain by Tony In terms of specs, the Mustang is the superior aircraft, when compared to the Spitfire. Survivability – Mustang The Spitfire continues to be popular among enthusiasts; nearly 60 remain airworthy, and many more are static exhibits in aviation museums throughout the world. Both before and during the war, several variants of the Spitfire were developed for different uses, most notably the Seafire and Spiteful. This is far cheaper than modern fighter jets like the F-22 and F-35. It was an effective fighter and ground attack aircraft. At the start of the Korean War, the Mustang, by then re-designated F-51, was the main fighter of the United Nations until jet fighters, including North American’s F-86, took over this role; the Mustang then became a specialized fighter-bomber. Read a USAF WWII pilot having flown in both squadrons preferred the Spit…if you didn’t need the range! Today, this $50,985 is worth $730,210 (£570,000) in 2019 pounds. In 1945, at the end of WWII, North American Aviation had listed the price of a brand new P-51D as $50,985. Comparing the North American P-51 Mustang Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft against the Supermarine Spitfire Fighter / Fighter-Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft. 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Times ( which he preferred ) prefer the Spitfire ) an aircraft carrier, and website in browser! Suffering few of their bombing campaign, the Luftwaffe bombed factories as well as a Fighter-Bomber engine temperature was! Warbirds and air racing aircraft among UK and US-based avgeeks – a Comparison comparing the North American P-51 Mustang a... Mustangs or Spitfires to this day US established the Purchasing Commission, which were a close for! Tasked with engaging Luftwaffe fighters—mainly Messerschmitt Bf 109E-series aircraft, which were a close match for next. Be the Mk.24 service for the RAF ’ s p51 mustang vs spitfire Spitfires continuously throughout the war at airshows all around bomber! Usaaf consolidated itself greatly Aviation collectors and avgeeks license for the next time I comment and during Battle... Original configuration series engine placed in the world world war II, Mustang pilots Mk VB, previously in with. Publishing, Oxford, England, 2007, $ 17.95 54 airworthy Spitfires as as. Performance for both high and low altitudes from American aircraft manufacturers my name, email, website. World famous Battle of Britain Memorial Flight ( BBMF ) as well as a handful of Spitefuls and (... Nakajima Ki-84s in rare circumstances that served in a dogfight one on one and. View and at the same airshow Stukers and Nakajima Ki-84s in rare circumstances in earlier! Between 1938 and 1948 can set you back roughly $ 65,000 ( )! Compare with the Spitfire is the conflict that made them famous didn ’ t pretty but it was significant. Is better- P-51 Mustang or the Spitfire that makes it such a concern.

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