Commentary by J.C.Philpot on select texts of the Bible. See how pathetically he questions as to the prospect of his again uniting in the joyous gathering! To the chief musician, an instruction of the sons of torah. (The fall of Samaria) till Cyrus authorized the end of the Captivity in Babylon, could have been the time when some devoted psalmist composed these remarkable psalms. Yes, this Mount Mizar is listed by all the scholars as "unknown," "unidentifiable," etc. 1599-1645. S. 152; tr. The hunger of the human spirit is raised in prayer and in worship. A Contemplation of the sons of Korah.. We don’t know when the psalms were gathered into five books, but the separation dates back to before our oldest manuscripts, compiled in … Commentary on Psalms - Volume 2 by John Calvin. continued...THE ARGUMENT The penman of this Psalm is uncertain. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. At length, however, he resumes his confidence, and concludes with the same persuasion which had consoled him, Psalms 42:6. Oh, how it pants! "Commentary on Psalms 42:1". "Commentary on Psalms 42:1". Psalm 2 Commentary: As we study Psalm 2 we’ll be seeing the psalmist’s wonder and amazement at the fact that this world is constantly and actively rebelling against God’s plan and at the same time they show heated antagonism to God’s national representative – the nation of Israel and – in particular in Psalm 2 – to Israel’s Davidic king. See note on 2 Samuel 22:16. Probably he falls in with the literature of materialism—often interesting and able, sometimes even brilliant—which is offered on the bookstalls by the missionaries of unbelief for a few pence; he buys and reads and reads again. Hist. 2. In this Psalm we have the devout breathings of the soul towards God, opposed by unbelief and distrust. On Maschil see note on the title, Psalms 32:1-11. "[4] He apparently overlooked the fact that during the long reign of the Babylonian puppet king Zedekiah over Judaea (during the Babylonian Captivity) the Temple worship continued without interruption. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". Glory be to God, they lie in their throats, for our God is in the heavens, ay, and in the furnace too, succouring his people. Thus pursued, spent, and nearly ready to give up the ghost, the psalmist pants for God, for the living God! It is the spirit which, as the stronger and more valiant part of the man, speaks to the soul as to the σκεῦος ἀσθενέστερον; the spiritual man soothes the natural man. ] Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 1 EXEGESIS: CONTEXT: This is a wisdom psalm, calling people to follow the path of righteousness to obtain the blessings that God confers on the righteous. We may learn from this verse that the eagerness of our desires may be pleaded with God, and the more so, because there are special promises for the importunate and fervent. Nothing can give us a higher idea of the Psalmist's ardent and inexpressible longing to attend the public worship of God, than the burning thirst of such a hunted animal for a cooling and refreshing draught of water. The cry of Israel in Egypt. As in Psalm 77:4, the cohortatives affirm that he yields himself up most thoroughly to this bittersweet remembrance and to this free outward expression of his pain אלּה (haecce) points forwards; the כּי (quod) which follows opens up the expansion of this word. Psalm 24:7, Psalm 24:9; Psalm 49:13, 21; Psalm 56:5, Psalm 56:11; Psalm 59:10, 18), nevertheless it is to be read here by a change in the division both of the words and the verses, according to Psalm 42:5 and Psalm 43:5, ישׁוּעות פּני ואלהי, as is done by the lxx (Cod. It was composed either, 1. 42:4b,c) 3. the psalmist's faith is being challenged by his current conditions (i.e., exile) and the taunting of his oppressors (Ps. Chrysostom and Basil say, that she eateth serpents, and so is further inflamed by their poison. Understand that when a hart is spent and sore run, his last refuge is to the water; and he will commonly descend down the streame and swimme in the very middest thereof; for he will take as good heede as he can to touch no boughes or twygges that grow upon the sides of the river, for feare lest the hounds should there take sent of him. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 32 EXEGESIS: PSALM 32:1-2. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. David, therefore, being excluded from the sanctuary, is no less grieved than if he had been separated from God himself. BibliographyBarnes, Albert. Strike away if you will the unworthy accumulation and give your homage to the core of truth; I entreat you have no commerce with any men or any movement which despises and denies the very birthright of humanity, and if you feel that you are growing tolerant of the things of unbelief, if you know yourself to be growing impatient of the faith of Christ, then I beseech you to examine your thoughts and look into your life. This psalm has a good deal in common with Proverbs 2:12-15, 20 … Psalm 42:1. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/psalms-42.html. Psalm 23 is likely the most well-known psalm 1 of the Psalter — and the most well-known passage in the Bible. brooks = channels: water in gorges or pipes, difficult of approach. 1765. (d) Lexic. עבר frequently signifies not praeterire, but, without the object that is passed over coming into consideration, porro ire. When it is as natural for us to long for God as for an animal to thirst, it is well with our souls, however painful our feelings. Painful reflections were awakened by the memory of past joys; he had mingled in the pious throng, their numbers had helped to give him exhilaration and to awaken holy delight, their company had been a charm to him as with them he ascended the hill of Zion. 1 and 2 juxtapose each other; Ps. It weakens the sense of responsibility by destroying its basis in fact; it lowers the estimate of goodness by destroying its reality; it definitely stimulates self-indulgence by withdrawing from conscience its authority and reminder of the promise of judgment to come. All of this is alleged to point to a time during the rebellion of Absalom when David was an `exile.'. Hebrew. As the hart panteth after the water brooks] Heb. Who were an eminent order of. § 367 , although it generally denotes the male hart, the hind being designated by אילה. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. While they say continually unto me, Where is thy God? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him for the help of his countenance. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/psalms-42.html. After thee; after the enjoyment of thee in thy sanctuary, as it appears from Psalms 42:4. tears ... my food day and night ... they say, Where is thy God?" SchindlerF4Lexic. "Commentary on Psalms 42:1". singers in the house of God; of whom see 1 Chronicles 6:33 9:19 26:1. Perhaps he alludes to the removal of the ark and to the glorious gatherings of the tribes on that grand national holy day and holiday. Dear reader, dost thou know what this is, by personally having felt the same? Salt meats, but healthful to the soul. Panteth — After the enjoyment of thee in thy sanctuary. And that work will ever be a copy in full or in miniature, a complete or reduced photograph, of the work of grace described in the Scripture as carried on by the Spirit in the hearts of God"s saints of old. "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". 3 My soul thirsts for God, the living God.. The non-physical part of our complex nature, our intellect, conscience, affections, must be fed by other than material food—the intellect by truth, the conscience by righteousness, the affections by answering love. 1021. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/psalms-42.html. BibliographyCalvin, John. The second of thirteen so named. 42:1-4 In this strophe one wonders what the problem is. "This book includes Psalms 42-72, a total of 31, only eighteen of which are attributed to David. ; the expression "from the hill of Mizar" simply means that Mount Hermon could be seen from the top of Mizar; and that meaning certainly does not rule out Jerusalem as the place indicated. The last clause here denies that he was then living in Palestine. What a striking figure has David made use of in these words. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". & Symmachus apud Drusium. The American Standard Version margin gives "the little mountain" as an alternative reading for "the hill of Mizar"; and there is no reason whatever why it might not be a reference to Mount Zion (Jerusalem). i., p. 253) says, “I have seen large flocks of these panting harts gather round the water-brooks in the great deserts of Central Syria, so subdued by thirst that you could approach quite near them before they fled.” There is an idea of tenderness in the reference to the word “hart” here - female deer, gazelle - which would not strike us if the reference had been to any other animal. The word rendered in the text “panteth,” and in the margin “brayeth” - ערג ‛ârag - occurs only in this place and in Joel 1:20, where it is applied to the beasts of the field as “crying” to God in a time of drought. as not being named in the title. and it is not likely that either all or divers of them did join in the inditing of this and the following Psalms so called. In this gloomy present, in which he is made a mock of, as one who is forsaken of God, on account of his trust in the faithfulness of the promises, he calls to remembrance the bright and cheerful past, and he pours out his soul within him (on the עלי used here and further on instead of בּי or בּקרבּי, and as distinguishing between the ego and the soul, vid., Psychol. Furthermore, on that alleged `exile,' David was accompanied by and surrounded by friends; and his enemies had no access whatever to him during that time. Yet why let reflections so gloomy engross us, since the result is of no value: merely to turn the soul on itself, to empty it from itself into itself is useless, how much better to pour out the heart before the Lord! "Commentary on Psalms 42:1". And this thirst is increased, partly by its dwelling in desert and dry places, to which it retireth for fear of men and wild beasts; and partly by its long and violent running, when it is pursued by the hunters; and some add, by eating of serpents. Psalm 42:1-2 Why Are You Cast Down, O My Soul? A contemplative psalm. he inclined to me and v heard my cry.. 2 He drew me up from w the pit of destruction,. Not all the wisdom of all the sages of history, not all the goodness of the saints can be taken in exchange for the food and drink by which the body’s waste must be restored and the failing lamp of its vitality replenished. when shall I come and appear before God —. Both Pss. These are so timid, so gentle, so delicate in their structure, so much the natural objects of love and compassion, that our feelings are drawn toward them as to all other animals in similar circumstances. There is an idea of tenderness in the reference to the word "hart" here - female deer, gazelle - which would not strike us if the reference had been to any other animal. His past frequenting of God's house with the thronging worshippers sadly contrasts with his present exclusion. 1905. David, then, considering that the way of access was shut against him, cried to God, because he was excluded from the outward service of the sanctuary, which is the sacred bond of intercourse with God. This metaphor compares the heart-hunger of the psalmist to the physical pangs of a deer suffering from acute thirst, running from place to place seeking water in the dry season. A dead God is a mere mockery; we loathe such a monstrous deity; but the ever-living God, the perennial fountain of life and light and love, is our soul's desire. "To see the face of God" is the nearer translation of the Hebrew; but the two ideas may be combined - he would see his God and be seen of him; this is worth thirsting after! 1840-57. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/psalms-42.html. Like many psalms, the theme of Psalm 2 is emphasized in the final verse. The Hebrew expressing "for" l. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. Psalm 42:6 Sweet Stimulants for the Fainting Soul; His tears since they were shed because God was blasphemed, were "honourable dew," drops of holy water, such as Jehovah putteth into his bottle. 1 Blessed is he whose disobedience is forgiven, whose sin is covered. ), Syriac, Vulgate, and most modern expositors. The energy of the expressions in the next verse is very striking and sublime: "My soul thirsteth for God; even for the living God:" him who is the eternal spring of life and comfort;—after which he bursts out into that emphatical interrogation, When, when will the happy hour return, that I shall once more come and appear before God? Copyright StatementThese files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library. Such is the text handed down to us. Clarke's Psalms 42:1 Bible Commentary As the hart panteth after the water brooks - The hart is not only fond of feeding near some water for the benefit of drinking, "but when he is hard hunted, and nearly spent, he will take to some river or brook, in which," says Tuberville, "he will keep as long as his breath will suffer him. This means that whoever wrote the psalms was in the midst of an "ungodly nation" when he did so; and Babylon or Assyria will fit that designation better than any other people. The fluctuating state of the mind even of a good man, which, when greatly oppressed, may be at sometimes desponding, and then again at others recollecting and correcting itself with religious considerations, is carried on throughout, and makes the repetition of the 5th and 6th verses at the end of the Psalm exceedingly beautiful. Ease he did not seek, honour he did not covet, but the enjoyment of communion with God was an urgent need of his soul; he viewed it not merely as the sweetest of all luxuries, but as an absolute necessity, like water to a stag. Psalm 42 and Psalm 43 are linked together, because (1) Psalm 43 has no title; (2) the Structure shows the correspondence of the repeated appeal. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/psalms-42.html. This morning (Easter Sunday, 1991) many religious leaders in Houston agree that many thousands of the rebellious youngsters of the 1960's are these days turning to God in an effort to experience some reason for their existence and to find some reality and purpose in their lives. " His enemies reproach him, Psalm 42:10. How changed his present place! There is no desire of the soul more intense than that which the pious heart has for God; there is no want more deeply felt than that which is experienced when one who loves God is cut off by any cause from communion with him. and y set my feet upon a rock,. The Psalmist chose the hind that תערג might correspond to תערג, but chiefly because the hind rather than the hart is suitable, as compared with the feminine soul, which is like it in its weakness. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". As the hart brays so his soul prays. Job 6:15-20. Hist. Ps 42:1-11. 4 When I remember these things, I pour out my soul in me: for I had gone with the multitude, I went with them to the house of God, with the voice of joy and praise, with a multitude that kept holyday. ", "The Lord will perfect that which concerns me—your mercy, O Lord, endures forever; forsake not the works of your own hands", Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". Courts, if it do not meet with God himself, not yet revealed as Jehovah to Israel the! Of approach cries ; ” the Septuagint and Vulgate render it simply “ desires. ” for God the... The face of God. the word properly means to rise ; to ascend ; and then are! Streams which dry up in summer belong as a treasure to be in the house of God 's with. Most well-known passage in the fem: that I moved on in a great city hunted thirsty... 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